找回密码
 注册

QQ鐧诲綍

扫一扫,访问微社区

查看: 8936|回复: 23

提多重的东西才算真累?----实用人机工程学

[复制链接]
发表于 2005-5-8 05:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
<H1 align=left><FONT color=#ff0000 size=5>经常有员工抱怨,提的箱子、拎的袋子太重了,弯腰太厉害了,重复的动作太多了,导致椎间盘突出、腰肌劳损等等,看这些病有的可要花上几万块钱,etc----</FONT></H1>
< align=left>你不由得思考,有没有一个量化的标准来衡量这些抱怨在群体间的重复性和可比性?该怎样和老板说这些问题?对工作物重量和工作姿势的抱怨是偷懒吗?这些问题如果是真的,从老板的角度看其法律风险有多大,老板花钱改善物有所值吗?该怎么改?</P>
< align=left>下面给出美国国家职业安全卫生协会(NIOSH)的一些权威资料链接,请大家参考。更具体问题,欢迎询问。</P>
<H1 align=left> </H1>
<CENTER>
<H1 align=left>Applications Manual for the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation</H1></CENTER>
<CENTER>
<H4>January, 1994</H4></CENTER>
<CENTER>
<H4>DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-110</H4></CENTER>
<CENTER> </CENTER>
<H5>This document is contained below in eight PDF files, for ease of handling. The following table of contents allows you to open or download the files containing the sections of the document you want to see.</H5>
<H5>If you wish to download the entire document, it is available as <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110.pdf (164 pages, 3,915K) </A>.</H5>TABLE OF CONTENTS <BR>  <BR>  <BR>  <BR>  
<TABLE cellPadding=2 width="100%" border=1>

<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width="78%" height=21>Acknowledgements <BR>List of Figures<BR>List of Tables </TD>
<TD vAlign=center width="40%" height=21><a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110-a.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110-a.pdf (10 pages, 180K) </A></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=center width="78%" height=21>Introduction 1. The Revised Lifting Equation  
<DIR>
<DIR>1.1 Definition of Terms  <BR>1.2 Lifting Task Limitations  <BR>1.3 The Equation and its Function  <BR>1.4 The Lifting Index</DIR></DIR></TD>
<TD vAlign=center width="40%" height=21><a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110-b.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110-b.pdf (35 pages, 780K) </A></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width="78%" height=21>2. Procedures for Analyzing Lifting Jobs  
<DIR>
<DIR>2.1 Options  <BR>2.2 Collect Data (Step 1)  <BR>2.3 Single-Task Assessment (Step 2)  <BR>2.4 Multi-Task Procedure</DIR></DIR></TD>
<TD vAlign=center width="40%" height=21><a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110-c.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110-c.pdf (12 pages, 309K) </A></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width="78%" height=21>3. Example Problems  
<DIR>
<DIR>3.1 How to Use the Example Problems  <BR>3.2 Jobs Performed a Few Times Per Shift  <BR>3.3 Single Task, Performed Repetitively</DIR></DIR></TD>
<TD vAlign=center width="40%" height=21><a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110-d.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110-d.pdf (22 pages, 459K) </A></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width="78%" height=21>3.3 Single Task, Performed Repetitively  <BR>3.4 Repetitive Multi-Task, Short-Duration</TD>
<TD vAlign=center width="40%" height=21><a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110-e.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110-e.pdf (30 pages, 611K) </A></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width="78%" height=21>3.5 Repetitive Multi-Task, Long Duration</TD>
<TD vAlign=center width="40%" height=21><a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110-f.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110-f.pdf (14 pages, 323K) </A></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width="78%" height=21>Glossary References</TD>
<TD vAlign=center width="40%" height=21><a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110-g.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110-g.pdf (8 pages, 153K) </A></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width="78%" height=21>Appendix I</TD>
<TD vAlign=center width="40%" height=21><a href="http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/94-110-h.pdf" target="_blank" >94-110-h.pdf (34 pages, 1,148K) </A></TD></TR></TABLE>  
<H4><BR><FONT size=-1>These PDF files contain "bookmarks" that appear in a window to the left of the document image. Most of the files contain indented bookmarks. With the indented bookmarks, you can go to sections or subsections of the document contained in the open file. These bookmarks work whenever the file is open.</FONT></H4>
 楼主| 发表于 2005-5-8 05:54 | 显示全部楼层
<H2 12pt 0cm 3pt"><B normal">国家安全健康协会提物指南</B><B normal"> (1991)<p></p></B></H2>
<H1 12pt 0cm 12pt 18pt">§        国家安全健康协会<FONT face=Arial>(NIOSH)</FONT>提供了一个名为《国家安全健康协会提物指南》的风险评估模型。我们可以将其作为评估双手人工提物时身体受力的工具。<p></p></H1>
<H1 12pt 0cm 6pt 18pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0cm; mso-list: none; tab-stops: 21.0pt">该指南采用了如下的计算公式:<p></p></H1>
<H1 0cm 0cm 12pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0cm; mso-list: none; tab-stops: 21.0pt"><FONT face=Arial>        RWL = LC X HM X   VM X DM  X AM X FM X CM<p></p></FONT></H1>
<H5 12pt 0cm 6pt 18pt">§        <B normal">建议重量上限</B><B normal"><FONT face=Arial> (RWL)<p></p></FONT></B></H5>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>RWL是NIOSH提物公式中最重要的部分<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>RWL应针对具体的任务或情形确定 <p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>RWL指99%的健康男性和75%的健康女性在一相当 时段内(如1、2或8小时)可以提起的重量<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H5 12pt 0cm 6pt 18pt">§        <B normal">上述等式不适用于下列情形:</B><B normal"><p></p></B></H5>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>单手提起或放下<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>提或放的动作持续超过8小时<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>坐着或跪着提或放<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>在一受限的工作空间提或放<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>提或放不稳定的物体<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>在运输、推或拉的同时提或放<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>(以超过每秒30英寸(76厘米)的速度)快速提或放<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>使用手推车或铁锹提或放<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>脚与地面不当接触时(指脚底与地面之间磨擦系数小于0.4 )提或放<p></p></FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5>-</FONT>       <FONT size=5>提或放环境不良 (即, 温度超出 66-79°F (19-26°C)范围,和/或相对湿度超出35-50% 范围)</FONT></H3>
<H3 0cm 0cm 12pt 36pt; tab-stops: list 18.0pt"><FONT size=5></FONT><p>
<H1 12pt 0cm 12pt 18pt">§        NIOSH提物指南常数<p></p></H1>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt"><p><FONT face="Times New Roman" size=2> </FONT></p></P>
<TABLE medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto auto auto -30.6pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-table-layout-alt: fixed; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 1.5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-border-insideh: .5pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: .5pt solid windowtext" cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1>

<TR>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 202.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width=270>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align=center><STRONG>常数<p></p></STRONG></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 153pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" vAlign=top width=204>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align=center><B normal">公制单位</B><B normal"><p></p></B></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 148.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" vAlign=top width=198>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align=center><B normal">英美制单位</B><B normal"><p></p></B></P>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align=center><B normal"><p> </p></B></P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 202.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=270>
<H6 150%">LC = 重量常量<p></p></H6></TD>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 153pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=204>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">23 kg<p></p></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 148.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" vAlign=top width=198>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">51 LB<p></p></P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 202.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=270>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><B normal">HM = </B><B normal">水平乘数</B><B normal"><p></p></B></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 153pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=204>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">(24/H)<p></p></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 148.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=198>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">(10/H)<p></p></P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 202.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=270>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><B normal">VM = </B><B normal">垂直乘数</B><B normal"><p></p></B></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 153pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=204>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">(1 – 0.003 &frac12; V – 75&frac12;)<p></p></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 148.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=198>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">(1 – 0.0075&frac12;V – 30&frac12;)<p></p></P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 202.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=270>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><B normal">DM = </B><B normal">距离乘数</B><B normal"><p></p></B></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 153pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=204>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">(0.82 +4.5/D)<p></p></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 148.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=198>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">(0.82 + 1.8/D)<p></p></P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 202.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=270>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><B normal">AM = </B><B normal">对称乘数</B><B normal"><p></p></B></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 153pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=204>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">(1 – 0.00032A)<p></p></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 148.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=198>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">(1 – 0.0032A)<p></p></P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 202.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=270>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><B normal">FM = </B><B normal">频率乘数</B><B normal"><p></p></B></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 153pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=204>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">.21 – 1.00范围<p></p></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 148.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=198>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">.21 – 1.00范围<p></p></P></TD></TR>
<TR yes">
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 202.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: 2.25pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: 2.25pt; mso-border-right-alt: .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: .5pt; mso-border-color-alt: windowtext; mso-border-style-alt: solid" vAlign=top width=270>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><B normal">CM = </B><B normal">摩擦乘数</B><B normal"><p></p></B></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 153pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=204>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">1.00, .95或 .90<p></p></P></TD>
<TD windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #d4d0c8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: #d4d0c8; WIDTH: 148.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=198>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">1.00, .95 或 .90<p></p></P></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt"><p><FONT size=2> </FONT></p></P></p></H3>
发表于 2005-5-8 21:47 | 显示全部楼层
回一个。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。
发表于 2005-5-9 10:49 | 显示全部楼层
回一个,有重叠。回一个,有重叠。[em01][em01][em01]
发表于 2005-5-11 10:25 | 显示全部楼层
<>留名关注,以后慢慢看</P>
发表于 2005-12-25 23:06 | 显示全部楼层
<FONT face=幼圆 size=7>我们国家还能详细到这种地步?</FONT>
发表于 2006-2-9 00:37 | 显示全部楼层
[em02]
发表于 2006-2-11 02:32 | 显示全部楼层
[em01]<IMG src="http://bbs.anquan.com.cn/Skins/Default/emot/em01.gif">
发表于 2006-10-3 11:03 | 显示全部楼层
<p>支持</p><p>支持</p><p>支持</p><p>支持</p>
发表于 2007-9-12 16:59 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2007-11-11 15:12 | 显示全部楼层
外资企业常规性的要求,必须进行体力劳动风险的评估
发表于 2008-4-1 11:49 | 显示全部楼层
支持试验报告

现在耐心做测试来补充 专业知识的真的少了

所以以上内容很宝贵!
发表于 2008-9-26 12:21 | 显示全部楼层
很有价值!
尤其对第三产业
发表于 2008-9-28 11:38 | 显示全部楼层
我们有这样一个用excel制作的计算小软件,只要输入数据即可计算相应的重量,很实用,但有软件开发公司的版权,所以不能传上来,但要实现这样的计算功能不是很复杂,大家可以找精通excel的人自己开发一下。
发表于 2008-11-30 13:55 | 显示全部楼层
复杂复杂
发表于 2008-11-30 22:09 | 显示全部楼层
确实够细的
发表于 2009-9-4 00:49 | 显示全部楼层
i can not download this,why
发表于 2009-9-4 11:30 | 显示全部楼层
细是细,我们单位没有抱怨的。
发表于 2009-9-7 19:27 | 显示全部楼层
good stuff!!!
发表于 2009-9-20 18:34 | 显示全部楼层
留着以后研究一下
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

安全论坛 ( 京ICP备05066184号|京公网安备110105001185号 )

GMT+8, 2019-6-17 04:39

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表