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2015年度职业健康安全培训计划--重发

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发表于 2015-2-26 11:53 | 显示全部楼层
总会有一个阶段,从菜鸟到老手,革命尚未成功,通知仍需努力
发表于 2015-2-26 11:54 | 显示全部楼层
总会有一个阶段,从菜鸟到老手,革命尚未成功,通知仍需努力
发表于 2015-2-26 11:56 | 显示全部楼层
总会有一个阶段,从菜鸟到老手,革命尚未成功,通知仍需努力
发表于 2015-2-26 12:33 | 显示全部楼层
总会有一个阶段,从菜鸟到老手,革命尚未成功,通知仍需努力
发表于 2015-2-26 12:54 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢分享,新年快乐!
发表于 2015-2-26 15:08 | 显示全部楼层
下载学习,感谢分享!!
发表于 2015-2-27 08:41 | 显示全部楼层
感谢楼主分享
发表于 2015-2-28 10:22 | 显示全部楼层
不错,谢谢分享
发表于 2015-2-28 21:32 | 显示全部楼层
下载了,参考一下,感谢分享!
发表于 2015-3-2 12:49 | 显示全部楼层
果断下载学习,谢谢分享!
发表于 2015-3-2 12:57 | 显示全部楼层
No 20         Abrasive wheels
20.                砂轮

Prepare         Location? Distractions? Talk aids?
准备工作         地点?分散注意力的物体?讲演中的帮助手段?

Reason         67% of accidents involving abrasive wheels are due to the wrong type of wheel being fitted.
原因                 67%的涉及砂轮的事故的原因是安装的砂轮型号不对。

Why                 Wheels should be fitted by a competent person
为什么                 砂轮应由合格人员安装

Outline                 This talk will cover: hazards and using portable and bench mounted abrasive wheels
要点                 本讲演将涉及:危险及便携式和台装式砂轮的使用

Hazards
危险
1. The speed of the machine must not exceed the maximum permissible speed of the wheel. 33% of accidents are caused by over speeding.
机器转速不得高于砂轮的最高允许速度。33%的事故由超速引起。
2. Don’t exert heavy pressure on the wheel
禁止向砂轮施加重压
3. Never use the side of the wheel
禁止使用砂轮的侧面
4. Keep your fingers away from the cutting edge of the wheel
应让自己的手指远离砂轮的切割口
5. Ear and eye protection must be worn
必须配戴听力和眼保护
Q: What must you remember regarding the speed of the wheel
问题: 对砂轮速度你必须记住什么?

Using Portable Abrasive Wheels
使用便携式砂轮
1. Don’t mount an abrasive wheel unless authorised in writing and trained to do so
除非得到书面授权并接受了相关培训,否则禁止安装砂轮
2. Only reinforce disc to be used on hand held machines
手持机上只能使用加强型砂轮片
3. Check the maximum wheel speed is greater than the maximum spindle speed before fitting.
装配前应检查砂轮的最高速度是否大于最高轴速。
4. Adjust the guard to expose the minimum wheel surface necessary for operation
调节护罩,使暴露在外且必须用于作业的砂轮面积保持在最小水平
5. Be aware of other workers in your area. Don’t put them at risk by your actions
应照顾好同一作业区的其他人员。不得让他们处于你的行动造成的危险之中
Q: What type of disc must be fitted to portable machines?
问题: 便携机必须装配何种型号的砂轮片?

Using Bench mounted Abrasive Wheels
使用台装式砂轮
1. Adjust the tool rest as close as possible to the face of the wheel
调节工具座,使其尽可能接近砂轮面
2. Keep the glass screen in the safety position
使玻璃罩处于安全位置
3. Keep your fingers below the tool rest level
让自己的手指处于工具座水平
4. Use the correct grade of wheel for the work in hand
使用与作业类型相匹配等级的砂轮
Q: Name two safety considerations regarding fixed machines
问题: 请说出有关台装式砂轮的两条注意事项
5. Keep the face of the wheel evenly dressed.
保持砂轮面平衡。
6. Run a replacement wheel for a full minute after fitting before attempting to use it. Stand clear during the test.
更换砂轮后,应在再次使用前让更换的砂轮空转一分钟。试验期间应远离砂轮。
7. Stop the wheel when not in use.
不使用时,应将砂轮停下。
Q: How long should a replacement wheel be run for before using it?
问题: 使用前更换后的砂轮应空转多少时间?

• Note to supervisor: Now inform the group of the project policy regarding working with abrasive wheels.
主管的注意事项: 请向听众说明公司有关使用砂轮作业的项目政策。

Do you have any questions for me
有问题问我吗?

Do you have any questions for me
其它问题
Q: What must be worn when using abrasive wheels
问题: 使用砂轮时必须配戴什么?
Q: Which part of a wheel should not be used?
问题: 禁止使用砂轮的哪一部位?
Q: Who should mount and adjust abrasive wheels?
问题: 应当由谁安装和调节砂轮?

REMEMBER: ABARSIVE WHEELS MUST ONLY BE FITTED BY A TRAINED AND COMPETANT PERSON
请记住: 砂轮必须由经过培训的合格人员安装。


No 21         Cartridge Operated Tools
21.         射钉枪式工具

Prepare         Location? Distractions? Talk aids?
准备工作         地点?分散注意力的物体?讲演中的帮助手段?

Reason         Cartridge tools are potentially lethal if used recklessly or incompetently
原因                 如果由鲁莽或不合格的人员使用射钉枪式工具,则有潜在的致命危险。

Why                 Don’t mess with cartridge tools – they can kill.
为什么                 禁止随意使用射钉枪式工具——它们会致命。

Outline                 This talk will cover: before use, safe use, hazards and after use of tools
要点                 本讲演将涉及:使用前的注意事项、安全使用、危险、工具使用后的注意事项。

Before Use of Cartridge Tools
射钉枪式工具使用前的注意事项
1. You must be trained, over 18, with a certificate of authority.
必须受到相关培训、年满18 周岁、拥有授权证书。
2. Read the ,mSCCs instructions carefully before using the tool
使用这种工具前,应仔细阅读制造商的说明
3. Load the tool with the barrel pointing away from you
工具上膛时不得将弹舱指着自己。
4. Never walk around with a loaded tool, load at the work face only.
禁止携带上膛了的工具四处走动,只能在作业区上膛。
Q: Before using a cartridge tool what should you do
问题: 使用射钉枪式工具前应当做什么?

Hazards When Using Cartridge Tools
使用射钉枪式工具的危险
1. Cartridge being to powerful for the task
滑膛冲击力超出了任务需要的水平
2. Voids in the structure being fired into
结构中存在空隙
3. Material being fired into is too thin
材料太薄
4. Changes in the consistency of material
材料密度变化不均
Q: What is through penetration caused by?
问题: 穿透是由什么引起的?
5. Firing into hole of previously attempted fixing
射入了旧洞中
6. Trying to fix into excessively hard material
材料太硬
7. Tool not being held square to the surface
工具与作业区不垂直
8. Fixing to near the edge of the material
太靠近材料的边缘
Q: What are the main reasons for ricochets?
问题: 跳弹的主要原因是什么?

Safe Use of Cartridge Tools
射钉枪式工具的安全使用
1. Always wear PPE when using cartridge operated tools
使用射钉枪式工具时,应始终穿戴个人防护用品
2. Hold the tool at right angles to the job when firing
作业时,工具与作业区之间的角度应正确
3. Check material into which the bolt is going to be fired. Cary out a test.
检查待射入的材料。应进行试验。
4. Allow at least 75mm from the edge of the concrete or brickwork
应离混凝土或砌砖边缘至少75 mm。
Q: How far from the edge of concrete should the tool be?
问题: 工具应离混凝土边缘多远?
5. Ensure the complete splinter guard is resting on the work surface
确保防碎片保护罩紧贴在作业区上
6. Never place your hand over the end of the barrel
禁止将自己的手放在弹膛的端部
7. In the event of a misfire wait a minute, refire. If nothing happens, wait a further minute before unloading
如果出现哑炮现象,应等一分钟后再射。如果仍然射不出,再等一分钟,然后退膛
Q: What should you remember about splinter guards?
问题: 对防碎片保护罩应记住什么?

After Use
使用后的注意事项
1. Keep the tool clean and well oiled
保持工具清洁,上好机油
2. Never leave the tool loaded when not in use
不使用时禁止上膛
3. Cartridges to be kept under lock and key in a safe place.
滑膛应加锁,钥匙应放在一个安全地点。
Q: What should you do with the tool after use?
问题: 使用后应对工具做些什么?

• Note to presenter – Now inform the group of the project policy regarding cartridge operated tools
讲解员请注意——请向听众说明公司有关射钉枪式工具的项目政策。

Do you have any questions for me?
有问题问我吗?

Further questions
其它问题
Q: If you misfire what should you do?
问题: 如果出现射不出情况,你应当怎么做?
Q: Before firing into a target what should you check for?
问题: 向某一目标射击前应当检查什么内容?

REMEMBER: ALWAYS TREAT CARTRIDGE OPERATED TOOLS WITH RESPECT
请记住:         永远慎用射钉枪式工具
No 22         Hand Tools
22.         手动工具

Prepare         Location? Distractions? Talk aids?
准备工作         地点?分散注意力的物体?讲演中的帮助手段?

Reason         Hand tools may not seem hazardous as power tools but they can still cause harm
原因                 手动工具可能看起来没有电动工具那么危险,但是它们依然能够造成危害

Why                 You need to know how to operate your hand tools correctly and safely
为什么                 你必须了解如何正确安全地操作手动工具

Outline                 This talk will cover: hazards, safe use of tools and care and maintenance.
要点                 本讲演将涉及:危险、手动工具的安全使用、保管和维护。

Hazards When Working With Hand Tools
使用手动工具的危险
1. Don’t lay tools down so that they can fall or be knocked over.
放置工具时,应保证它们不会坠落或被人碰到。
2. Don’t leave tools lying in walkways or any place where they could be tripped over.
禁止将工具放在通道上或容易绊倒人的地点。
3. Ensure hammer heads remain tightly wedged on there shafts
应保证锤头牢固地固定在锤柄上
4. Renew wooden handles that split. Don’t try and repair them
木柄如果裂开,应予以更换。不应进行修理
5. Don’t use screwdrivers on work held in the hand
禁止一手拿着物品,另一只手使用螺丝起子
Q: What are the three potential hazards with hand tools?
问题: 手动工具的三种潜在危险是什么?

Safe Use of Hand Tools
手动工具的安全使用
1. Select the proper tools for the job
选用合适的工具
2. Make sure they are in good condition
确保工具完好无损
3. Use the tools as they were designed to be used
保证工具的正确用途
4. Files must be fitted with handles to prevent injuries
锉刀必须装上把手以免造成伤害
5. Don’t use files as levers or punches as they break easily.
禁止将锉刀用作杠杆或打孔机,因为它们容易断裂。
Q: Before using a tool, what must you ensure?
问题: 使用工具前必须保证什么?
6. Keep hands behind edges of cutting tools when working.
作业时,手要放在切割工具的刃口后。
7. Use the right size of spanner to fit the nut
安装螺帽时,应使用大小合适的扳手
8. Make sure you wear PPE if its required
如果有必要,应穿戴个人防护用品。
9. Regularly inspect hand tools for damage
定期检查手动工具是否被损坏。
Q: What must you remember when using cutting tools?
问题: 使用切割工具时必须记住什么?

Care and Maintenance of Hand Tools
手动工具的保管和维护
1. Protect sharp edges of tools being stored or carried.
贮存或携带工具时,应保护好其刃口。
2. Scrap tools that are worn or damaged beyond repair
应废弃已磨损或损坏而不能修理的工具
3. Chisels and tool punches must be ground to prevent mushrooming.
凿子和圆凿必须打磨,才能防止钝口。
4. Keep the edges of cutting tools sharp
应保证切割工具的刃口锋利
Q: What must be done to chisel heads to prevent mushrooming?
问题: 为防止凿头钝口必须做什么?
5. Don’t use scaffold tubes to give extra leverage on spanners, as jaws may become damaged and slip.
禁止使用脚手架钢管延长扳手把,因为扳手口可能被损坏并滑脱。
6. Return tools to a tool box or stores at the end of each shift
每个班组班组下班前,应将工具归还工具箱或贮藏间
7. When you’ve finished with tools, ensure they’re stored so that they don’t cause a hazard to others e.g. retract knife blades.
工具用完后应放好,以保证它们不会对别人造成伤害,如将刀刃收起。
Q: What is likely to happen if you use a scaffold pole on a spanner for extra leverage?
问题: 如果用脚手架钢管延长扳手的把手,可能会出现什么情况?

Do you have any question for me?
有问题问我吗?

Further questions
其它问题
Q: What should you regularly do with hand tools?
问题: 应当经常对手动工具做什么?
Q: What would you do with worn or damaged tools?
问题:对磨损或损坏的工具应当做什么?

REMEMBER: HAND TOOLS MAY NOT BE AS DANGEROUS AS POWER TOOLS BUT THEY CAN STILL CAUSE YOU AN INJURY
请记住: 手动工具可能没有电动工具危险,但是它们依然能够造成伤害。

No 23         Portable Circular Saws
23.         便携式环形锯

Prepare         Location? Distractions? Talk aids?
准备工作         地点?分散注意力的物体?讲演中的帮助手段?

Reason         Several hundred accidents using woodworking machines are reported every year in the UK, 40% of these involve circular saws
原因                 英国因使用木工机械造成的事故每年都有几百起,其中的40%牵涉到环形锯。

Why                 Ignorance and misuse of circular saws can lead to you becoming seriously injured.
为什么                 疏忽和误用环形锯,可能导致严重伤害。

Outline                 This talk will cover: before use and using portable circular saws safely.
要点                 本讲演将涉及:使用前的注意事项和安全使用便携式环形锯。

Before Using Portable Circular Saws
使用便携式环球锯前的注意事项
1. Ensure the power supply is off and check for nay damage
确保电源没有送电,检查是否有损伤
2. Check that on-off switch works properly
检查开关工作是否正常
3. Ensure the plug is securely fitted to the cable
确保插头已安全地插入插座
4. Check the full operation of the swivel guard
检查旋转保护罩的操作情况
Q: Before checking the saw, what must you make sure?
问题: 检查锯子前必须确保什么?
5. Adjust for correct depth of cut and angle adjustment.
调节切割深度和角度。
6. Adjust the rip fence if necessary
如必要,应调节切口保护罩
7. Check locking nuts and securing devices
检查锁紧螺帽和固定装置
8. Make surer the switch is not able to be locked
确保开关未锁死
Q: What adjustments would you carry out before using?
问题: 使用前应进行哪些调节?

Using Portable Circular Saws
使用便携式环形锯
1. Use the lowest voltage possible to reduce the risk of lethal electric shock, 110v should be used where practicable.
尽可能使用低电压以降低致命的电击危险,如可能,应使用110 v 电源。
2. Use of residual current device gives additional protection
使用残余电流装置会加强保护
3. Tools should be earthed or double insulated.
工具应接地或双绝缘。
4. When making adjustments, remove the plug from the socket
调节时,应将插头从插座中拔出
5. Tools must be checked regularly by a competent electrician
工具应定期由合格人员检查
Q: What electrical considerations are there when using portable electric saws?
问题: 使用便携式电锯时应注意哪些电气注意事项?
6. Always wear ear defenders, dust mask and goggles.
始终配戴听力保护器、防尘罩和护目镜。
7. Don’t carry the saw by its cable
禁止搬动锯子时抓住电缆
8. Hold the saw firmly, using main and front grips hand grips
用手正面握紧锯子
9. Keep the supply cable clear of the blade at all times.
任何时候,应使电缆远离刀口。
10. Ensure the swivel guard returns to cover the blade after every cut.
每次切割完成后,应保证旋转保护罩能够复位盖住刀口。
Q: What must you wear when using circular saws?
问题: 使用环形锯时必须配戴什么?
11. Keep riving knife clean of resin deposits
保证刀口没有树脂堆积
12. Don’t use blunt or incorrectly set saw blades
禁止使用钝的或安装不当的锯刀
13. Don’t wear loose or flapping clothing and jewellery
禁止穿戴松散的衣物和首饰
14. Report all defects to your supervisor immediately.
立即将所有的缺陷向主管报告。
Q: What are the hazards with wearing loose clothing
问题: 穿戴松散衣物的危害是什么?

Do you have any questions for me?
有问题问我吗?

Further questions
其它问题
Q: What power supply should you be using?
问题: 应当使用何种规格的电压?
Q: What must you ensure after every cut is made?
问题: 每次切割完成后必须保证什么?

REMEMEBR: IGNORNACE AND NISUSE OF CIRCULAR SAWS CAN LEAD TO SERIOUS INJURY
请记住:         疏忽和误用环形锯可能导致严重的伤害
No 24         Chainsaws
24.         带锯

Prepare         Location? Distractions? Talk aids?
准备工作         地点?分散注意力的物体?讲演中的帮助手段?

Reason        These machines are particularly dangerous in the hands od untrained and inexperienced operators.
原因                 如果操作工未经培训、没有经验,则这种机器尤其危险。

Why                 Even trained users have had many accidents resulting in severe laceration of limbs and fingers.
为什么                 即使是受过培训的用户,也会遭遇四肢和手指严重切伤的事故。

Outline                 This talk will cover: preparation for use, refueling and safe use of chainsaws.
要点                 本讲演将涉及:准备使用、加油和带锯的安全使用。

Preparing The Saw for Use
准备使用带锯
1. Check guards are in position, secure and in good condition.
检查保护罩是否就位、固定、完好无损。
2. Check operation of chain brake (front hand guard)
检查带锯制动的运行状况(前部手保护罩)
3. Check security of casing, nuts and screws, also operation of throttle and interlock.
检查外壳、螺帽、螺丝、节流阀、联锁的安全性。
4. Ensure chain is sharp, correctly tensioned and moves freely around the bar, wear gloves to avoid cuts
保证带锯锋利、张力合适、旋转自如,应配戴手套防止切伤
5. Keep chain lubricating reservoir topped up
保持带锯润滑油槽开口向上
Q: What checks would you carry out before use
问题: 使用前应进行哪些检查?

Refuelling the Chainsaw
给带锯加油
1. Refuel in well ventilated area (outdoors only)
只能在通风良好的区域(仅室外)加油
2. Don’t refuel within 3 meters of where you are going to use the saw and wipe off nay spilt fuel.
禁止在带锯使用地点3 米范围内加油,应擦干净溅落的燃料。
3. No naked flames, smoking or fires nearby
附近禁止有明火、烟或火
4. Check for fuel leakage during Refuelling and operation of saw. Tighten the fuel cap to avoid leakage.
加油和带锯运行过程中,检查燃料是否泄漏。旋紧油箱盖以防泄漏。
Q: What are the three safety points to remember when refueling?
问题: 加油进应记住哪三个安全要点?

Safe Use of Chainsaws
带锯的安全使用
1. Wear PPE, including leggings made of long fibre clogging fabric.
应穿戴个人防护用品,包括用长纤维制造的绑腿。
2. Engage chain brake and place on the ground clear of obstructions before starting the saw.
开锯前,打开带锯制动并将它放在没有妨碍的地面上。
3. Don’t make adjustments to the saw while the engin is running.
发动机运行时,禁止对带锯进行调节。
4. Grip the Chainsaw firmly with both hands
用双手抓紧带锯
5. Begin cutting and continue at full throttle.
开始切割,并将油门打到最大继续。
Q: What PPE should you be wearing?
问题: 应当穿戴何种个人防护用品?
6. Re- enter previous cuts with extreme care
对准原切口时应特别小心
7. Be aware of moving timber closing the saw cut and pinching the chain.
小心木材移动时,封闭切口并将带锯卡住。
8. Don’t place your body in the saws line of cut
禁止将自己的身体与切割线同一条保持直线
9. Before carrying, switch off, apply chain brake and fit the chain guard (scabbard)
搬运前,切断电源,加上制动然后,安装好带锯保护罩(鞘)
10. Carry with front handle and chain to the rear.
握紧前把手使锯口朝后。
Q: Before carrying a chainsaw what must you do?
问题: 搬运带锯前必须做些什么?

• Note to trainer: Now inform the group of the project requirements for the use of chainsaws
培训员请注意: 请向听众说明使用带锯的项目要求

Do you have any questions for me?
有问题问我吗?

Further questions
其它问题
Q: Where should chainsaws be refuelled?
问题: 应在什么地点给带锯加油?
Q: How would you carry a chain saw?
问题: 应当如何搬运带锯?

REMEMEBR: IN THE WRONG HANDS, CHAINSAWS ARE EXTREME
发表于 2015-3-2 12:58 | 显示全部楼层
果断下载学习,谢谢分享!
发表于 2015-3-5 10:10 | 显示全部楼层
看看先,学习学习,感谢分享

发表于 2015-3-17 21:26 | 显示全部楼层
正要用这个东西,看看能不能用得到!
发表于 2015-5-10 20:39 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢分享,学习学习
发表于 2015-5-15 10:50 | 显示全部楼层
楼主辛苦,谢谢分享

发表于 2015-5-16 11:53 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主分享
发表于 2016-11-5 09:11 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享,个人感觉这个样式比较好                 
发表于 2016-11-5 10:17 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主分享!
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